To hold the line on 1.5 C degree temperature increase as outlined by the toothless Paris Agreement, UNFCCC estimates 7.6 percent reductions in harmful carbon emissions are required beginning in 2020.
This makes next year even more critical as the UN tries to lead the world without big emitters on board to make significant reductions in harmful carbon emissions without a stronger enforcement framework in place. The US recently increased emissions by 2.7 percent in 2018.
The promise to plant 11 billion new trees is welcome however as a holistic and vibrant means of reducing carbon other than heavy-industry solutions as well as growing more local grassroots support from local governments, including over 700 cities, that are pledging more reductions, in the face of national governments that continue to ignore the emergency.
With this in mind, I wouldn’t call COP 25 a complete disappointment as action has now begun on lobbying financial actors represented at COP 25 and worth USD 37 trillion as the private sector has unparalleled laissez faire to leverage governments resources to pursue promising investments in the face of growing costs of climate change. This could end dramatically especially with new elections in the US in 2020.
There are also more businesses and companies coming on aboard with the UNFCCC to pledge to be carbon neutral by 2050.
Attribution, the promising new area practice based on sound science of climate change, ultimately held up the conference two-days longer until Sunday as the new law and science gains traction to fairly redistribute to the victims the costs of climate change.
But unceremoniously, COP25 failed to move forward on carbon pricing which would make measures more popular with voters because the practice would avoid the use of taxes.
Momentum and will to influence, especially the largest emitters of US and China, to reach 7.6 percent reductions in harmful carbon emissions to ultimately maintain safety and peace of mind for future generations of a managed 1.5 C temperature increase, demands more bilateral follow up and grass roots support in these countries, with each supra-national government to press these culprits with their mite to update and improve on promises made in the weakly enforced Paris Agreement.
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