Especially in Europe but also in the US and other parts of the world to various degrees, transportation is increasingly understood as a critical civil right that needs to be protected and defended in terms of safety not only in terms of separation from dangerous automobiles but also from hazardous emissions that are the cause of growing incidences of illness and disease worldwide.
With the disturbing increase not only in the frequency of extreme weather events but also in the intensity and unpredictability of these events, the UN has agreed that it has become essential for all 187 climate-change member nations to vigorously work together toward 1.5 degree temperature increase of the Paris Agreement which would require significant reductions in fossil-fuel production worldwide to most efficiently reduce carbon emissions at least cost to save more than 400 million people from exposure to heatwaves, flooding, and fires and significant loss of plant life and endangered species in the short term.
Three trends are critical to understanding pollution in general, global warming and carbon emissions and how they adversely affect our world at current levels. First, non-carbon pollution is actually decreasing significantly but with it’s disappearance many studies indicate that the Earth is losing artificial defences from harmful sun rays that is increasing the earth’s temperature.
Second, carbon emissions continue to increase with increases especially in the US, China and India of fossil-fuel production and use demanded by addicted, corrupted, and highly entrenched interests.
Third, ocean upwelling currents are decreasing in the North Atlantic especially which further warms Earth’s surface.
But it is also important to note that carbon is harmful only in higher quantities in our air. Increases of carbon in soil have proven to significantly increase harvest production in agriculture by as much as three times the amount of carbon supplemented for example.
Air, land and water are all interconnected and when carbon is removed from air to protect our health, for example, it reduces levels in soil that benefit agricultural production without additional non-chemical supplements sans harmful carbon-footprint production levels.
Carbon is also used in societies as natural remedies, including effective pain relief for stomach ailments and indigestion.
It is also critical to protect wetlands and forests where damper, wetter conditions produce more carbon naturally and holistically for our benefit as well as cool the Earth’s temperature.
Another recent achievement by men to correct harms from industrial production includes creating railroad ties from reusable plastic bottles in Europe. 1200 plastic bottles provide enough material for one 75 kilogram railroad tie that will prove to be far more durable than wooden or cement ones.
The roots of sound science among smart, practicing scientists and urbanists free of bullying include understanding that much is unknown among complex interrelationships in our systems and needs to be carefully studied and evidenced and communicated promptly to decision-makers to accelerate corresponding policy measures to save lives and improve living conditions for many.
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